Vol. 8 No. 2 (2020): A Journal of Strategic Studies, Winter 2020

IAF Modernization: Issues and Options for Pakistan

Mr. Samran Ali
Research Assistant at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS)
A Journal of Strategic Studies Summer 2020, CISS Insight Winter 2020
Published February 2, 2021
  • Rafale,
  • Surgical Strike,
  • Su-30MKI,
  • JF-17,
  • Modernization,
  • Balakot,
  • BJP,
  • Perception,
  • Deterrence
  • ...More
How to Cite
Mr. Samran Ali. (2021). IAF Modernization: Issues and Options for Pakistan. CISS Insight Journal, 8(2), P53-73. Retrieved from https://journal.ciss.org.pk/index.php/ciss-insight/article/view/196


When India gets its 36 Rafales, it will have a combination of technologically advanced Rafale, a capable and large fleet of Su-30MKI, and a good number of locally developed HAL Tejas in the future. Along with the procurement of other major weapon systems, India may then feel comfortable with the idea of another Balakot type event where it tries to project its military muscle and score a point after its failure to respond effectively against Pakistan after the Rajouri strikes. Pakistan’s response strategy therefore would become complex not only to take into account the numerical and technological strength of the Indian air-force but also Indian leadership’s perception regarding the capabilities of major weapon systems and the belligerent posture of its leadership towards Pakistan.