Vol. 9 No. 1 (2021): A Journal of Strategic Studies, Summer 2021

Anti-Access/AreaDenial Strategy for Pakistan Navy: A Work in Progress

Mr. Samran Ali
Research Assistant at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS)
Published August 9, 2021
  • Power Projection,
  • Sea Control,
  • Air Defense,
  • Cruise Missiles,
  • Anti-Ship,
  • Ballistic Missile,
  • Anti-Access,
  • Area-Denial
  • ...More
How to Cite
Mr. Samran Ali. (2021). Anti-Access/AreaDenial Strategy for Pakistan Navy: A Work in Progress. CISS Insight Journal, 9(1), P33-51. Retrieved from https://journal.ciss.org.pk/index.php/ciss-insight/article/view/201


Pakistan Navy (PN) has embarked on the largest modernization program in its history. The modernization is not only aimed at plugging the gaps in its operational capabilities but also making it a potent force. It is being equipped with a range of anti-ship missiles to keep the Indian ships at bay and inducting effective air-defense systems that will deny the Indian Navy freedom of action in its area of control. The induction of new types of ships from China and Turkey is helping it realize these objectives. The induction of new ships will not only increase the numerical strength of PN but also bring with them new technologies and new roles. PN`s modernization plan is in line with what is termed as the Anti-Access/Area-Denial (A2/AD) strategy. This paper discusses the induction of new assets and attempts to figure out their capabilities under the strategy of A2/AD operations, with the limited available primary source data. It also identifies the areas where further work is needed.