Vol. 11 No. 1 (2023): Journal of Strategic Studies, Summer 2023

The Efficacy of Pakistan’s Full Spectrum Deterrence

Amber Afreen Abid
Amber Afreen Abid is Research Officer at the Strategic Vision Institute (SVI), Islamabad.
CISS Insight Journal 2023
Published October 7, 2023
  • Nuclear Doctrine,
  • Policy,
  • Posture,
  • Strategic Stability,
  • Full Spectrum Deterrence,
  • Credible Minimum Deterrence
  • ...More
How to Cite
Amber Afreen Abid. (2023). The Efficacy of Pakistan’s Full Spectrum Deterrence. CISS Insight Journal, 11(1), P01-21. Retrieved from https://journal.ciss.org.pk/index.php/ciss-insight/article/view/245


As a hedge against India’s proactive war strategies, Pakistan’s National Command Authority fine-tuned its nuclear doctrine and has formulated a more comprehensive response, known as full spectrum deterrence. This paper examines the contours of Pakistan’s nuclear doctrine to assess its effectiveness in maintaining strategic stability. A comprehensive analysis of primary and secondary sources, including official statements, policy documents, and scholarly works, evaluates how Pakistan’s nuclear doctrine has effectively deterred potential threats and preserved regional stability. The ambit of the paper also includes the comparison of “full spectrum deterrence” with “integrated deterrence” to exhibit the dynamic nature and importance of a nuclear doctrine in the evolving threat environment. The findings of this research contribute to the understanding of Pakistan’s nuclear doctrine and provide insights into its effectiveness in building strategic stability in South Asia.