Vol. 7 No. 1 (2019): A Journal of Strategic Studies, Summer 2019

The Pulwama-Balakot Crisis: A Strategic Assessment

Dr. Mansoor Ahmed
Senior Research Fellow at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS)
Maimuna Ashraf
Research Officer at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS)
A Journal of Strategic Studies
Published July 15, 2019
  • Pulwama crisis,
  • escalation dominance,
  • strategic stability,
  • South Asia,
  • deterrence posture,
  • new-normals,
  • offence-defence,
  • stability-instability paradox,
  • crisis management
  • ...More
How to Cite
Dr. Mansoor Ahmed, & Maimuna Ashraf. (2019). The Pulwama-Balakot Crisis: A Strategic Assessment. CISS Insight Journal, 7(1), 01-24. Retrieved from https://journal.ciss.org.pk/index.php/ciss-insight/article/view/1


The Pulwama crisis has again brought to light the peculiar nature of crisis instability, and revalidated the stability-instability paradox in South Asia. While it reinforced the efficacy of Pakistan’s overall deterrence posture vis-à-vis India, this crisis also exposed India as a “trigger-happy” nuclear armed-state, while Pakistan’s crisis behavior demonstrated resolve, restraint and responsibility. The U.S. monopoly as an effective third-party broker and crisis manager was replaced by multilateral efforts to prevent escalation. However, given the growing power differential between India and Pakistan, India is likely to continue to explore ways and means to conduct kinetic action against Pakistan, while the latter will have to maintain an effective defence against the full-spectrum of evolving threats.